Color 64

Set up and log on to Color 64 BBS

In this post we are going to set up Color 64 BBS, get it running and log in. We will be using Vice so if you don’t have it yet I suggest you get it and install it. Vice makes things easier on a modern machine and it makes screenshots much prettier. Plus we can image any disk image to an actual disk to use on a Commodore.

For these purposes I have transferred all of the Color 64 BBS installation files onto a 1581 .d81 image to give us lots of room for the password file and to play around. Eventually I will be moving everything to a Lt. Kernal hard drive when the site goes live and will simply copy the files from a 1581 drive to the Lt. Kernal. This may seem tangential but I feel it is best to get this out of the way up-front to address the “why”s.

Ok, let’s assume you have Vice C64 fired up and your Color 64 BBS disk in Drive 8. You should note that stuff is in different places on a Mac vs. on a Windows machine. I am developing on a Mac but will also provide Windows views.

Go to (Mac) Settings > Drive Emulation (Windows) Settings > Drive Settings > Drive Settings… and you will get a window similar to below. Make sure Drive 8 is set to the proper drive type. In this case it is 1581. Also be sure True Drive Emulation is checked or weird things can happen.

Drive options. Know what you’re doing.

load”$”,8 : list and make sure the disk is working.

Is it? Good. Load setup: load”setup”,8,1 and you will get this screen:

Loading BBS Setup. Exciting!

When it asks if your √bbs.parms disk is in Drive #8 just hit enter.

Remember you can have your √bbs.parms disk live on a completely separate disk from the BBS programs, especially if you are running from a RAM Expansion Unit!

So yeah, the first screen is a little intimidating.

But before we get into this I need to warn you to think 1985. This system is not advanced enough to know where a cursor is so you cannot move around nor tab ahead or back. Your options are the return key to go ahead and answer “n” at the bottom of the screen if you messed something up or want to go back.

Enter the values you expect to need. The important stuff is at the bottom. When asked for User bit = 32 High Speed answer “y”. Does your modem use AT commands? “n”

So many choices.

 

Drives? Everything is going on the Lt.K (for us) so no need to do anything fancy. All on 8!

A little bit here, a little bit there. If you have 2 or more hardware drives this screen is crucial to a smooth running BBS.

When it comes to Upload/Download directories it’s up to you. For your first time I suggest setting up 1. You can always add more.

Upload/Download Directories

Enter the access level where uploads do not require moderation. Since most everything that will be uploaded is now public domain you can set this as low as you want. Of course we want upload descriptions and we will most certainly have multiple directories per drive.

Set user’s time limits. Usually I give new users 20 minutes since they are restricted in what they can do. It’s up to you on how you want to structure it per-level.

Taste the power! Only 10 minutes for you, Level 2, you urchin.

If we were running a hugely popular board I would say set this up but since we are not we will give everyone 2.73 years to come back before we delete them.

Never Gonna Give You Up. Unless you don’t call back for 2.74 years.

Set up a couple of message categories at least. The number on the left is the access level required to access the category.

It’s like subreddits but with fewer memes and trolls. Well, fewer memes at least.

The menus! Fun stuff here. I do not recommend changing any menu commands unless you absolutely know what you are doing and are ready to edit every menu file.

Do this don’t do that can’t you read the… menu!

Same for screen 2. If you decide to add additional overlays or modules such as games you can add those commands here in the “Spare” slots.

You only think you will never use those spare slots.

The infamous rainbow string!

Here you can customize your color string for the site. Enter a number and then you must enter the corresponding key code on a Commodore keyboard to set the color. Black is not allowed. Your colors are:

   1   2   3     4      5     6     7     8
      WHT RED   CYN    PUR   GRN   BLU   YEL
 Orng Brn L.Red D.Gry M.Gry L.Grn L.Blu L.Gry

Your keys to select those colors are:

Top colors – Windows: TAB Key, Mac: Control Key
Bottom colors – Windows: Control Key, Mac: Option Key

When you are finished hit RETURN, go to the next screen and hit RETURN again.

This doesn’t really do anything since we don’t have a modem plugged in and we told it to ignore AT commands. It’s just one step between you and saving your stuff.

Setup will save your choices in the √bbs.parms file and will also create your √passwords file if it does not exist (it shouldn’t). You will then be asked if you want to load the BBS (hit return if you do) or if you want to go back and make some config changes or tinker with the colors some more just enter “n” and type “run” to run through setup again.

For this tutorial we are booting the BBS…

Send a nice postcard to Greg. He may appreciate it. Or find it creepy as hell.

There it is!

Since we saved the √bbs.parms file locally go ahead and hit return. Enter the current date and time. Believe it or not, Color 64 is Y2K compliant!

Hit “n” to not regenerate the message index. Enter the date in MM/DD/YY format and the time in military time. Next give it a few minutes to work and you will be brought to…

The infamous Waiting for Call screen!

Press any F-key and then F1 to log in.

Since it is your first time you can enter “2” and the password “SYSOP” (you can see and change this via F6 Password Maintenance)

We made it!! We’re signed in!

At this point you are 100% signed in and should be able to read and post (your own) messages and play around.

You have taken your first step into a larger world.

Post a message. The world’s loneliest message.

 

Just remember, DON’T BOTHER THE SYSOP! 😉

Color 64 is a Facebook/Google/Meme/Popup/Ad-Hijack-free environment. Use IDK LOL in a chat subject and lose an access level.

Where to start?

The eternal question when embarking on a new quest: where to start?

I personally wanted to resurrect one of my old BBS programs. Fearing that some of these 30 year-old disks’ protective film would soon be wearing off I set out to preserve them which was not a minor nor inexpensive task. First I needed the same disk drives I used when I ran the system, which were:

  • Commodore 1571 dual-sided drive
  • Commodore 1581 drive

Prior to my last BBS going up in flames (literally, the 1581 drive running it caught fire) it was running on what appears to be this configuration, which I have deduced from previous setup files:

  • Commodore 128
  • 1750 Ram Expansion Unit
  • Hayes 2400 baud modem
  • Commodore 1581 drive – drive #8, for system and games files
  • Commodore 1581 drive – drive #10, for transfers, public messages and text files
  • Commodore 1571 dual-sided drive – drive #9, for help files and private messages

The nice thing about 1581 drives was – at the time – pretty radical in that you could partition a disk. So we had uploads and downloads in a “xfers” folder and public messages in a “text” folder. This surprised me when I first loaded a disk with a directory.cbm:

 

Commodore Partition on a 1581 disk

But first I had to get the files from the actual media onto a PC. The 1571 5.25″ floppies were not a problem; the 1581s were.

I recalled that in 2015 I ordered a gizmo that would allow me to copy my old floppies onto any PC or Mac. It’s a little logic board with a serial connector and USB connector called a XU1541/SMD sold by a guy named Spiro.

XU1541 – for copying your actual floppy floppies

 

I’m a Mac guy so I ordered it, hooked it up to my 1581 and not a thing happened. It didn’t recognize the drive and I thought it was junk. Something else caught my attention at the time so I moved along for 3 more years. When I got interested in doing this again I fired it up to discover (drumroll, please) the XU1541 can’t copy files from a 1581 drive. You can view the contents of them but you can’t copy from it.

There is this notice on Spiro’s web site:

This project is still under development. It works with a variety of CBM disc drives (1541, 1541-II, 1570, 1571, 1581, SX-64’s internal floppy). There have been also some tests on different brands and types of PC, running on Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X.

However, the xu1541 is currently only recommended for people who are willing to cope with glitches and will perhaps even do some testing and bug hunting. For example, you should be able to flash a new firmware on your own.

So I tried something else, ZoomFloppy. Look upon this magnificent beast (tire pressure gauge for scale):

Just look at that sumabitch. Plug it into a desktop PC and you can connect whatever you want to it via serial or CBM cable.

Now, during the time I was waiting for the ZoomFloppy to get back in stock I RTFM for the XU1541 and learned the proper way to use it.

I originally started out tinkering with some command line tools such as OpenCBM, a collection of programs that allow you to traverse directories and look around. Nice and all but not what I was looking for. I wanted to able to archive my disks quickly.

But there was a problem. Like I said, 1581 disks could not be copied using the XU1541. The utilities available indicated that only 1581 floppies could be read from a machine with a floppy drive mounted directly to the motherboard – not a USB-connected floppy drive. Also running Windows XP.

Yeah, good luck finding that dinosaur in a small city.

I went to every Goodwill and computer repair shop I could find and came up with zero. Well, Goodwill did have a Pentium 3 Dell for sale for $199. (Hell to the no.)

Luckily I found a local computer shop and a guy who wanted to make some space. So for $40 I walked away with a “new” Pentium 4 with 512MB or RAM and an 80 GB hard drive and a built-in floppy drive.

Next I had to get the files off. I found these two tools:

CBM-Transfer

DirMaster

These two apps are saviors. First, CBM-Transfer allows you to make quick images of any disk. It has a GUI so it’s easy to use. Just insert your 3.5″ disk in the drive and it reads it. Select no files and click the green arrow to copy and it creates an image. Perfection.

And check that out – it has an option for X-Cable so it recognizes when you connect a 1541 or 1571 drive.

It also has a ton of powerful features such a program viewer, sequential files viewer and a lot more. I highly recommend using it.

Second is DirMaster, another Windows-only program but it allows you to quickly open a .d64, .71 or .81 file and read the file contents. You can also drag and drop the contents between disks!

The screenshot does not do it justice. Get it and fire it up. It’s amazing.

I used DirMaster to create a 1581 disk to hold all of the Color 64 BBS files. I then simply dragged the files from the original Color 64 BBS disk over and hit save. I also added a few more programs such as “super xfer” and Basic Aid 64 (“Baid64”) which I will be using.

(Let me interrupt to apologize for not providing actual screenshots for these programs. They are on Windows XP which I have running on a modern monitor so everything is stretched too wide. I also don’t remember how to take a screenshot and transferring these images anywhere via drag-and-drop makes the machine sound like it’s going to explode. I may get back around to it but for now, sorry.)

Unfortunately my fears were realized as several of my disks were just rotten. The film had broken down the data was literally falling off of them. I managed to salvage maybe half of them.

Except for the MacBook Air this is a good idea of how my bedroom looked in the late 80’s: lots of disks spread everywhere, headphones and not a hint of a girl anywhere in sight.

I am not giving up on them. I hope to try to rip the content from them again at some point. But I am afraid of doing damage to them.

All in all the rip was a success. I managed to salvage enough to do some forensics to see exactly what I was doing at the time. What I found:

  • I experimented with a lot of crap between 1986 and 1987 such as DMBBS (Dungeon Matter BBS), The Ivory Tower, All American BBS (not bad, actually), Xavian (weird; required a hardware dongle in a joystick port) and C-Net 64. C-Net… what an absolute BEAST. Not for poors; HEAVY hardware requirements.
  • I ran Color 64 early on from 1987-1990 and was an annoying as hell teenager
  • I transitioned to Network 64 around 1990/91
  • I then transitioned to Supra 128 from mid-1991 to late 1992 when things burned

So, here are my goals for this experiment:

  • Get a stock Color 64 BBS up and running on a real Commodore 64
  • Get the Color 64 BBS connected to the internet so you can telnet into it
  • Restore my modifications (mods) to Color 64 and this time document them along the way and SHARE THEM with the community
  • Get Network 64 back up and running so we can communicate between Color 64 installations (more on this later)
  • Document, document, document EVERYTHING and share that knowledge with fellow SysOps.

In my next post I will go into installing Color 64 using VICE and cover some of the new Commodore toys available today.